Diabetes mellitus, an ailment popularly known as “diabetes”, is a metabolic disease where an individuals blood glucose level is completely elevated. Diabetology is the medical scientific discipline which specializes in the research and therapy of all kinds of diabetes, including:
Diabetes mellitus type 1,
Diabetes mellitus type two (adult onset diabetes),
Diabetes mellitus type three (a rare condition) and
Just what does a diabetologist do?
The diabetologist’s tasks incorporate identifying and managing many kinds of diabetes. Additionally they treat diseases that are strongly associated with diabetes, such as
Disturbances impacting lipid metabolism,
Serious obesity and Hypertension.
A Harley Street Diabetologist additionally performs preventive examinations with a point of view on the secondary diseases of diabetes.
Patients with the most prevalent affliction – type two diabetes, also called adult onset diabetes – are often cared for by the doctor of theirs. Only when insulin therapy gets secondary or necessary diseases now exist does the diabetologist typically take over responsibility for therapy – in good consultation together with the family physician.
What exactly are the secondary diseases?
Peripheral artery disease (PAD):
A typical secondary illness resulting from diabetes is PAD. Because of the presence of debris, blood circulation and also oxygen source to the cells in the blood vessels supplying the thighs and legs are reduced. Symptoms are able to consist of feet that are cold or maybe pain in the thighs and legs when walking.
Diabetic polyneuropathy (PNP): If someone’s blood sugar levels level stays elevated for many years, useful harm to nerves also can appear. Based on the kind of impairment, various kinds of sensory disturbance develop, as does paralysis.
Diabetic foot syndrome (DFS): This concerns a major complication resulting from diabetes. This happens because of nerve damage (diabetic neuropathy) and blood circulation issues happening in the feet or even lower leg. This results in tissue death & ulcers. In a worst case scenario, the amputation of limbs is essential.
Treatment strategies deployed by the diabetologist for diabetes
The treatment of diabetes has the standard monitoring of blood pressure, blood sugar levels as well as the thorough evaluation of the foot, to have the ability to create appropriate and timely changes in the treatment, for example:
Dietary changes and also training: Diabetes patients receive medical training and advice regarding how to optimise the diet plan of theirs and regarding how to incorporate exercise into everyday routine.
Training on the pathology along with possible secondary diseases: Based on the kind, not just diabetes mellitus but additionally diseases related to it are taken into consideration. Likewise: Secondary diseases for instance peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAD) and diabetic polyneuropathy (PNP).
Drug therapy with tablets
Insulin therapy: Administering insulin with pens, high heels or even syringes.